14 Abr Voting On Withdrawal Agreement
The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. With regard to the historical importance of the vote, most speakers stressed, on behalf of the political groups, that the withdrawal of the United Kingdom would not be the end of the road to eu-UK relations and that the ties between the peoples of Europe are and will remain strong. They also stressed the possibility of learning from Brexit to shape the future of the EU and thanked the UK and its MPs for their contribution throughout the UK`s accession. Many speakers warned that negotiations on future relations between the EU and the UK would be difficult, particularly given the timetable set out in the withdrawal agreement. MEPs will vote on whether to support the Prime Minister`s plan to withdraw the UK from the EU on 31 January.
Parliamentary votes on Brexit, sometimes referred to as “sensible votes,” are the parliamentary votes of Section 13 of the United Kingdom`s European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, which requires the UK government to submit a amended parliamentary motion to ratify the Brexit withdrawal agreement at the end of negotiations between the government and the European Union, in accordance with Article 50.   The transitional period from 1 February expires at the end of December 2020. Any agreement on future relations between the EU and the UK must be concluded in full before that date, when it is due to come into force on 1 January 2021. Since none of the proposals presented in the second round were able to obtain a majority in the House of Commons, a third round of indicative votes was scheduled for April 3.  On 3 April 2019, the House of Commons instead focused on the debate on the “European Union Bill (Withdrawal) (No. 5).” The bill is also known as the Cooper-Letwin Bill, after its main sponsors, Yvette Cooper (Labour) and Oliver Letwin (Conservative). The bill requires the government to obtain approval for an extension of the EU`s exit, if at all. In this regard, the House of Commons first debated a proposal from the House of Representatives to allow the legislation to be introduced for debate that day.