08 Oct Simla Agreement And Lahore Declaration
One leader at a time, across the political divide, cited the 1972 Simla Agreement and the 1999 Lahore Declaration to stress that Kashmir is a bilateral matter. While Foreign Minister S Jaishankar said the Simla and Lahore agreements signed between India and Pakistan formed the basis for the bilateral resolution of all the issues, Rahul Gandhi said Prime Minister Modi had betrayed the agreements. Randeep Surjewala added to the congressional attack, saying no one dared to break it through. Sitaram Yechury, the head of the ICC, wondered what this meant for India`s deal with Pakistan. In October, after a two-day meeting, the two countries issued the joint statement of Pakistan and India on October 4. They recalled the results of previous discussions, expressed in the joint statements of 6 January 2004, 24 September 2004, 18 April 2005 and 14 September 2005. The Ministers reaffirmed that options for finding a negotiated peaceful solution to the jammu and Kashmir issue should be considered in a sincere, targeted and proactive manner in order to prevent terrorism from hampering the peace process. The two sides agreed on further details on bus routes between New Delhi and Lahore and on issues related to the return of prisoners. The two ministers welcomed the signing of an agreement on the pre-notification of ballistic missile tests and a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on the establishment of a communication link between the Pakistan Maritime Safety Agency and the Indian Coast Guard. From 25 to 26 November, India and Pakistan held their fifth round of talks at the level of home and home affairs ministers as part of a composition dialogue agreement. States issued a joint statement on terrorism and drug trafficking, condemned terrorism “in all its forms and forms” and also agreed to exchange “prisoners and fishermen”.
as a gesture of goodwill and for human reasons. The dialogue process seemed to resume slowly in 2001. At the Agra Summit in India in August 2001, the parties did not mention the “Lahore process”, but discussed some of the issues that play an important role in this process. India said it would implement the unilateral confidence-building measures (BMCs) announced on the eve of the summit on trade, visas, educational exchanges and security. The two sides discussed measures to reduce nuclear risk, cooperate to end drug trafficking and other cross-border issues, as well as trade relations. However, the parties were unable to agree on a joint statement due to differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue. The Simla Agreement was signed on July 2, 1972 in the capital Himachal Pradesh by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The agreement was a peace treaty signed by both nations after the bangladesh war ended in 1971. Bangladesh had been part of Pakistan since the partition of 1947.
In 1971, it waged a war of independence against Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, turning the war into the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. The agreement was ratified the same year by the parliaments of both nations. In 1998, the foreign ministries of the two countries initiated a peace process aimed at easing tensions in the region. On 23 September 27 September 1998, the two Governments signed an agreement which recognizes the principle of developing an environment of peace and security and the resolution of all bilateral conflicts, which became the basis of the Lahore Declaration.  On February 11, 1999, the Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced the official visit of Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee aboard the first bus line between the two countries.  In addition to the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners from the 1971 war, the De Simla Agreement was a plan for India and Pakistan to maintain friendly and neighbourly relations. As part of the agreement, the two belligerent countries promised to renounce conflicts and confrontations and make efforts to establish peace, friendship and cooperation.
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